1. It's not too late to plant a vegetable garden in July and August for a fall harvest. Late July is the time to sow seeds for some late crops, like cauliflower, broccoli and cabbage. In August you can begin to sow seeds for lettuces and peas every couple of weeks for a late harvest.
2. Fireworks date back as a tradition of Independence Day as early as the first anniversary in 1777.
3. Kiwis and papayas contain more vitamin C than oranges.
4. The “dog days of summer” refer to the weeks between July 3 and August 11 and are named after the Dog Star (Sirius) in the Canis Major constellation. The ancient Greeks blamed Sirius for the hot temperatures, drought, discomfort, and sickness that occurred during the summer.
5. On July 5, 1946, the world’s first bikini was unveiled in the famous Piscine Molitor swimming pool in Paris. The bikini was modeled by showgirl Micheline Bernardini.
6. The best way to remove a tick is with a pair of fine-point tweezers. Grasp the tick’s mouthparts (where it has attached to your skin) and gently pull the tick out with steady pressure.
7. Richard Stockton, a lawyer from New Jersey, became the only signer of the Declaration of Independence to recant his support of the revolution after being captured by the British in November 1776 and thrown in jail.
8. The first modern Olympic Games were held in the summer in 1896 in Athens, Greece.
9. Did you know that watermelons are not a fruit, but a vegetable? They belong to the cucumber family.
10. The first European known to have visited Indiana was French Explorer Rene’-Robert Cavalier sierur de La Salle, in 1679. After LaSalle and others explored the Great Lakes region, the land was claimed for New France, a nation based in Canada.
June 24 is Midsummer Day and is traditionally the midpoint of the growing season halfway between planting and harvesting.
Voles are vegetarians eating stems and blades of grass. They are considered rodents.
Moles are small mammals that feast on insect pests, grubs and soil organisms including earthworms.
All vegetables, including warm-season plants, can be planted.
June has its own beetle named after it. The June beetle or June bug is normally only found within the months of May and June.
Indiana makes more popcorn than any other state in the United States.
It is said that Queen Elizabeth’s handbag is used to relay secret and silent messages to her staff. Moving it from one arm to the other means her aides will politely end a conversation.
High heels first became popular in roughly 10 B.C.
Peanuts, walnuts, almonds, cashews and pistachios are actually seeds not nuts because seeds have a separating rind or shell and interior kernels.
The Antarctic Polar Desert covers the Antarctica continent—roughly 5.5 million square miles. In comparison, the Sahara Desert covers about 3.6 million square miles.
Ever wonder what the Empire State Building, The Biltmore and 35 current state Capitals including Indiana’s have in common? All were constructed from the highest quality limestone in the United States found in Bedford, Indiana, known as the “Limestone Capital of the World”.
Bedford limestone is a geological formation primarily quarried in south central Indiana between the cities of Bloomington and Bedford. It is rock that was formed from calcium carbonate deposited over millions of years as marine fossils decomposed at the bottom of a shallow inland sea which covered most of the present-day Midwestern United States during the Mississippian Period (335-340 million years ago).
Discovered by the Native Americans, Indiana limestone became a popular building block with the opening of the Richard Gilbert Quarry in 1827. For most of the century the limestone quarries were the primary industry of south-central Indiana. By 1900 Indiana limestone represented 1/3 of the total U.S. limestone industry which increased to 80% by 1920. During this time as demand for limestone increased, stone carvers from Ireland, France, Germany, Scotland and Italy settled in the Bedford area where there were once nearly 40 stone mills that produced 12 million cubic feet of Indiana limestone.
As the trend went from limestone to other building materials such as brick, granite and concrete, the industry faded. Today there are 9 active quarries that produce 76,000 cubic meters of Indiana limestone each year. Bedford limestone was officially designated as the state stone of Indiana by the Indiana General Assembly in 1971.
What makes Indiana limestone so special?
The limestone is soft and easily worked and can be removed in massive blocks. Once quarried, the rock dries and the surface becomes harder and more resistant to weathering. Limestone is considered a “freestone” which means that it has no preferential direction of splitting. Indiana limestone is known for the tight grain, beauty and durability. It is ideal for finely detailed carving.
Next time you stroll by the statues and buildings of Washington D.C., take a little pride in knowing that Indiana limestone created the foundations of some of the United States’ most amazing monuments.
April SKI Tips
In your garden hide miniature compost piles all over to reduce the times spent hauling clippings and leaves. Also, buy an extra set of tools and a lightweight garden cart to avoid frequent trips back to the tool shed for forgotten items.
Set out cabbage and broccoli transplants in early April.
Keep pests such as aphids, mites and whiteflies off roses, geraniums, hibiscus and other plants by spraying them with a combination of 1 quart of water and ½ tsp. of liquid dish soap. Reapply every 2 weeks for best results.
Hummingbirds can fly forward, backwards, shift sideways and stop in mid-air while reaching speeds up to 60 mph.
Trim the flower off tulips as soon as the bloom has faded allowing energy to be directed back to the roots, rather than wasted on seed development.
Side effects of dehydration include muscle cramps, fatigue and lowered endurance, reduced muscle strength, headaches and poor focus, increased risk of heat stroke. DRINK!DRINK!DRINK!
The average person’s left hand does 56% of the typing.
Humans are the only animals on the planet to shed tears as a result of their emotional state.
Landscaping should be rejuvenated every 10-15 years as most plants are at a maximum potential.
Place a dryer sheet in your pocket to keep mosquitoes away.
On December 21, 2020 a celestial event known as the “Christmas Star” will occur. At that time the solar system’s two largest planets, Saturn and Jupiter, will have their closest visible encounter since 1226. This unique phenomena led famous astronomer, Johannes Kepler in 1614, to suggest that this alignment might have been what was written about in the Bible when the wisemen came to Jerusalem seeking the birth of the “King of the Jews” after seeing a bright star in the sky.
The last time the planets were this close was in 1623-- only 14 years after Galileo discovered the moons of Jupiter with the invention of the telescope. When these planets meet again it will be in 2080. Note: Though it looks like a sliver separates Jupiter and Saturn, they are actually about 400 million miles apart.
A view of the two planets coming into near-alignment will be just after sunset, in the southwestern portion of the sky. Although best seen with binoculars or a telescope, the encounter should be visible to the naked eye.
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